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Design of an Enhanced Solar Heat Exchanger Using Nanoparticles

Project Overview

Sun based water heating frameworks use heat exchangers on exchange sun oriented vitality. Consumed to sun based collectors of the fluid or air used to heat water or a space. Heat exchangers could a chance to be settled on from claiming steel, copper, bronze, stainless steel, aluminum, or cast Iron. Most solar heating systems usually use copper. Solar heating systems with air heater collectors usually do not need a heat exchanger between the solar collector and the air distribution system. Those systems with air heater collectors that heat water use air-to-liquid heat exchangers, which are like liquid-to-air heat exchangers because it is a good thermal conductor and has greater resistance to corrosion. A new area of research has emerged during the last decade or so and is related to the innovative use of metallic or metallic-oxide nanoparticles such as CuO or Al2O3 or many others to enhance heat transfer in thermal systems. This will be applied in this senior design project. 

Project Objectives

Honestly, we have many objectives implementing such a project. The objectives are to reduce the consumption of fossil fuel, reducing the air pollution, and increase the efficiency of the heat transfer. When it comes to the consumption of the fossil fuel, it is important to realize that Saudi Arabia is facing high consumption of fossil fuel to generate power. Since the country is already losing in domestic use of fossil fuel, we take the reduction of consuming the fossil fuel into considerations. Moreover, our objective is to use the clean energy from the sun to reduce the air pollution. On the other hand, our project is basically a study to increase the heat transfer on the heat exchanger, therefore; we are using the nanoparticles to monitor the effect on our system or design.

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