Academics > Undergraduate Degree Programs > College of Engineering > COE Departments > Civil Engineering > Senior Design Projects List > Structural and Geotechnical Design of Reinforced Concrete Multi-Story Car Park
Structural and Geotechnical Design of Reinforced Concrete Multi-Story Car Park

Project Overview

There is a current shortage in car parks in Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd University (PMU). This leads to continues lateness in attendance as students spend time looking for parking spaces. In addition, some students choose to park their cars on the main road in front of the main campus which leads to a reduction of the number of lanes from three to one. To further propagate the problem, there will be an increase in the population of student after adding new majors to the university as well as opening master degree courses. This will be accompanied by an increase in the number of cars which will lead to a further shortage of parking inside the university. In order to solve this problem, we propose to design a multi-level parking structure to accommodate a large number of vehicles at one place. In our project, we will examines the design of a framed reinforced concrete structure multi-story car park that has can facilitate 1070 car spaces over five floors (G+4) with a total area of (37800) m2. The project will focus on the design of the structure elements consisting of a flat slabs system supported by columns of different dimensions, as well as shear walls to support the elevators and stair cases, and the design of a foundation system. Our focus will be on reducing the cost and maximizing the safety of the construction, compared with the other structures of different material. The design will be done according to (MOMRA, ACI and SBC) codes for various structural components.

Project Objectives

The main objective of this project is to design a RCC multi-story car park for the mitigation of traffic challenges around (PMU) using (MOMRA, SBC and ACI) standard codes. Hence, the structure will be designed for ultimate limit state method (ULS). According to (Hørte, Okkenhaug, & Paulshus, 2017), (ULS) must be fulfilled as an established condition in order to comply with engineering demands for strength and stability under design loads. The (ULS) limits the stress that materials experience during the design process, by considering the safety of the structure and its users. The design will help to minimize the current shortage and future increase in car parking area especially in areas where there is less space for parking inside PMU. In addition, to produce detailed drawings, calculations, and specifications of the structure where we it will provide a safe and easily accessible area for car parking. Moreover, the building is intended to be constructed from reinforced concrete; as it is cheap, readily available, and durable.